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Fujairah is one of the seven emirates that make up the United Arab Emirates, and the only one of the seven that has a coastline solely on the Gulf of Oman and none on the Persian Gulf.

In 1902, Fujairah entered into treaty relations with Britain, becoming the last of the emirates to join the Trucial States. On 2 December 1971, Fujairah joined the United Arab Emirates.

Fujairah is also home to the oldest mosque in the United Arab Emirates which was built in 1446 of mud and bricks.[1] It is similar to other mosques found in Yemen, eastern Oman, and Qatar. Al Bidyah Mosque has four domes and lacks a minaret.

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Fujairah lies on the Gulf of Oman in the east of UAE and is one of the 7 emirates of the country. The city covers a total area of 440 sq miles and has a mountainous topography as compared to the other emirates which are largely covered by deserts. The region therefore experiences higher annual rainfall allowing farmers to cultivate crops. Although the city has a warm climate for most of the year, October to March is relatively cooler. Fujairah has a population of 130,000 as per the 2006 census. The city is planning to make future developments in the area near Dibba on the north of the Oman border. There are plans of developing thousand five star villas and hotels to encourage the influx of tourists. Traveling is easy in and around the city with a number of taxis and modern highways. The Fujairah International Airport is located just 1 km from the city.

Places to visit

Ain Al Madhab Gardens :
Ain Al Madhab Gardens are located in the foothills of Hajar Mountains, just outside the town of Fujairah. The Garden is not just mineral spa, but also includes a park area, ruins of Fujairah Fort and Heritage Village, an outdoor theatre which is used for festivals including traditional singing, and folklore dances during public holidays in Fujairah.

Heritage Village :
The Fujairah Heritage Village depicts the traditional way of life for residents of Emirates, traditional houses, farming tools, cooking utensils, and the Al Yazrah irrigation system, used for irrigating fields with a working bull. The village contains Fujairah Fortress and other ancient buildings, used by the Ruler’s family. The Fujairah Department of Archeology and Heritage renovated the fortress, built a mud wall around the area, and constructed a theatre to accommodate about 3000 spectators. The village offers visitors an insight into the past lifestyle of residents

Fujairah Fort :
Built in 1670, the Fujairah Fort is the oldest fort in the UAE. Located on a hill at the edge of date gardens, the for has been a defensive building, and a home for ruling family. It was badly damaged during the early 20th century. The fort is a mud brick structure with three major sections, including one square tower, several halls and two round towers. The fort was later renovated and is the only stone building along the Fujairah coast. It is surrounded by remains of few old town houses.

Fujairah Museum :
The Fujairah Museum is located south of the Fort, opposite Ruler’s Palace. The Museum takes back visitors to 3000 years of history, displaying wonderful artifacts found in archeological digs at Bithnah and Qidfa. Both local and foreign archeologists have discovered items that date back to Bronze Age. The Museum displays pieces of steel, brass, bronze, silver and gold, apart from carved soapstone vessels, painted pottery, age weapons, pre-Islamic silver coins, swords of various shapes and sizes, beautiful silver jewelry collection, herbs and folkloric medicine. Another unique display is the ostrich egg dating back 2200 years, used by local ancestors as a bowl.

Bull Butting :

Bull Butting, which began in Portugal, between the 16th and 17th century, is a family event in Fujairah. Every Friday, tourists and local families gather at an open field to watch the battling of bulls. The day begins with 20 bulls and winners move to the next round. Bull Butting has grown to be a major attraction in Fujairah.

Bithna Fort :
Located along the main highway near Fujairah, the Bithna Fort was built in 1735 and was considered the most important fortress in the eastern part of UAE. The Fort overlooks the route across Hajar Mountains through Wadi Ham.

Al Hayl Castle :
It is one of the famous castles in Fujairah. Considered as the headquarters for ruling family, the historic castle was established more than 250 years ago, and has been used for surveillance, patrolling and to defend the area.

Ottoman Mosque :
Fujairah - Al Bidyah Mosque is the local name for this Mosque, and is one of the oldest mosques in the UAE. The Mosque was named after the historical town that embraced it for centuries. It is also known as Ottoman Mosque, for the man who built it. Located in north Fujairah, the Mosque has a prayer hall with a prayer niche or Mihrab, pulpit, arches and openings. A central pillar separates the internal space into four squares of similar dimensions. The pillar supports all four domes seen from the exterior.

Wadis :
Wadis are dry riverbeds containing water following heavy rain, and means ‘oasis’ in Arabic. Fujairah is renowned for its Wadis, given the geological topography of the area. Tourists get to enjoy Wadi bashing, Wadi Saham, Wadi Siji, and several such wadis here. Wadi Ham is the largest and longest from Masafi area, while Wadi Al Tawian can be reached through a mountain route. Wadi Siji reaches to Al Zaid and Umm al-Quwain. An oasis town, Dhaid, is situated at the entrance to Wadi Siji. The oasis was formed by the rainwater which got collected as run-off from mountains. Wadi Al Wurayah is also a major tourist attraction in north Fujairah. The scenic area also includes waterfalls.

Masafi :
The village Masafi, is located along the edge of Hajar Mountains near Fujairah. Before construction of the modern highways Masafi had been a trading post and refueling stop. The village is divided into two parts. The larger section belongs to emirate of Fujairah and smaller belongs to emirate of Ras Al Khaimah. The term Masafi, in Arabic, implies “pure water”. The village is known for its natural springs. Masafi is also the Gulf’s leading natural mineral water producer, located adjacent to he village. There is also a Friday Market open on all seven days of the week, located along the Dubai-Fujairah Road when you approach Masafi. Items to bargain here are earthenware, rugs, souvenirs and antiques.

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