Umm al-Quwain is one of the seven sovereign emirates in the United Arab Emirates, located in the north of the country. The emirate was ruled until his death by Rashid bin Ahmad Al Mu'alla, who was a member of the UAE's Supreme Council since 1981. The emirate had 62,000 inhabitants in 2003 (making it the least populous emirate in the federation) and has an area of 750 square kilometers. Accepted alternative spellings include Umm al Qiwain (used on its former postage stamps) as well as Umm al-Qawain, Umm al-Qaywayn, Umm el-Qiwain, Umm al-Qiwain and Umm al-Qaiwain.
The earliest settlements in Umm Al Quwain had strong Hellenistic traits some of these are more than 7,000 years old. Traces of these ancient communities are still discernible in Al-Dour, near Umm Al Quwain.
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Arrowheads and other polished flint tools have been unearthed in various sites across the UAE while pieces of Ubaid pottery have been unearthed along the shores of the emirate. All evidence obtained so far indicate that contact with Mesopotamia existed as early as the 5th millennium BC as an indigenous ceramic industry did not emerge until the 3rd century BC.
The area of Falaj Al Mualla is located 50 km south east of Umm Al Quwain city. The Seneyah Island is located one kilometer away from Umm Al Qiwain city with a total area of 90 Sq km. Umm Al Quwain city has witnessed drastic developments over the last few years including construction of buildings, roads, parks and other amenities. Also the city is linked by a modern network of roads with the typical villages set up for settlement of Bedouins. Umm Al Quwain's attraction lies in its long clean beaches, an enclosed lagoon and public horse riding stables. Located 50 kilometres south of Umm Al Qaiwain is Falaj Al Mulla, the agricultural part of the Emirate. Seneyah Island, one kilometre away from the town of Umm Al Quwain, is a natural reserve for a large species of birds, deer and Al Qaram trees.
Places to visit
UAQ Museum :
International airports in the city of Sharjah include the Sharjah International Airport and Port Khalid.
The UAQ Museum is a renovated ancient fort used to guard entrance to the old town. The museum houses several artifacts found near archeological sites. Another excavated site, Al-Dur, was actually a coastal city with nearly 200 BCE until the third century CE. The site also contains several interesting artifacts that are housed in the UAQ Museum.
Dreamland is one of the major tourist attractions and is the largest water park in the UAE. Covering about 250,000 square meters, the park features high-salinity pool, raft rides, wave pool, swimming pool, lazy river, several water slides, spa-like pool with a bar for relaxing. Dreamland is just an hour and a half drive from Dubai.
It is on the headland beside the new port. Being a part of Marine Research Centre, it is open to visitors by prior appointment. It features several fish and sea life found in the region, including snakes and corals and rays.
UAQ Islands :
They lie to the east of mainland peninsula on a unique stretch of coastline comprising sandy islands surrounded by thick mangrove forests separated by series of creeks. The largest among seven islands is Al Sinniyah, followed by Jazirat Al Ghallah and Al Keabe, all visible from old towns. In between these, there is the coastal plains and smaller islands of Al Qaram, Al Sow, Al Harmala and Al Chewria. The Madaar creek running between the islands offer a navigable waterway for fisherman even at low tide when average depth is less than few feet.